History of Santiago de Cuba
Santiago de Cuba, capital city of the county of East, head municipality of their county and during beginnings of the colony, capital of Cuba. The Foundation of Villa of Santiago de Cuba was in 1515, after the village of Baracoa. Santiago de Cuba is considered the second population of the island by his antiquity, like it’s for his history the first one.
It had been decided the foundations of Bayamo, Trinidad and Puerto Principe (Camagüey) when Diego Velazquez, noticing the position of the place, the easiness of its communications with Santo Domingo (residence at that time of the government of Indies), the abundance of mineral vestiges and the marvel of its nature, with the Spanish government's authorization decided to advance the foundation of this village, undertaking it personally.
In 1522 it was granted the title and weapons of city to this village, and exalted their church like cathedral of the island with bishopric for the Alejandro VII pontiff's bull.
Port city of natural and mineral wealth, conditions that allows it to elevate their socioeconomic level in a considerable way unlike the rest of the existent villages in the Island. The power to have a mineral resource as the gold, the exploitation of the same one including the gold of the rest of villages, it provided to Santiago de Cuba Village big wealth that allowed it the construction of the architectural patrimony which Santiago enjoys nowadays.
City that has suffered the consequences of corsairs and pirates' attacks and loots, without resources for the defense of its coast, suffered in 1898 its first Naval Battle in the outskirts of its great bay against the North American fleets.
Many actions happened in this city full with traditions, cultures and unusual places. There is in the city - accepted as the most Caribbean in Cuba - a score of important museums; and for the night life pleasant places work, among cabarets, discos and piano bars.
Santiago de Cuba won the epithet of Cradle of the Revolution because it was scenario of momentous facts in the history of the country, as the attack to the Cuartel Moncada in 1953, military fortress of the Fulgencio Batista government, for a group of youths headed by Commanding Fidel Castro Ruz.
This city doesn't stop to be a place in which inhabits the extraordinary thing, and on the back, a city that follows its course. That’s Santiago de Cuba, that juvenile Mrs. that every July 25 celebrate one year more.